During the 1920s and 1930s, Art Deco flourished in both France and the United States. The movement was known for its clean geometric forms, bright colors, and the integration of exotic materials. It was influenced by art from all over the world, including Futurism, Art Nouveau, and Cubism.
Art Deco was born in the early 20th century, during a time of technological innovation and mass production. It was a celebration of the machine age. Art Deco designs were often made of rare or exotic materials such as glass, metal, wood, and plastic. Some Art Deco objects were manufactured in factories, while others were individually crafted. Some of the most expensive materials used in Art Deco pieces were marquetry, wood inlay, and stainless steel.
The ’60s brought a revival of the style. During this period, many artists were inspired by the Art Deco movement, including Erte, who was a famous poster artist. His work was often reproduced in pop culture and allowed the style to reach a wider audience.
In the ’60s, the economy was stable and the mood was one of hope and optimism. Artists began to embrace the bold colors and simplified shapes of Art Deco. Some of the most famous poster artists in the world, such as Ernst Deutsch, embraced this style. Deutsch’s designs were used in Bugatti automobiles and Coco Chanel’s clothing line. This style became very popular and helped to establish Art Deco as a contemporary art movement.
Art Deco also has a strong connection with Japanese art. Japanese woodblock prints and other traditional art forms were influential on the Art Deco style. The movement’s color palette was inspired by Fauvism and the bold colors of the Ballets Russes. The Art Deco style also incorporated jazz age symbolism and a sleek, linear aesthetic. The style is also associated with science and technology.
The Chrysler Building in New York City was a great example of American Art Deco style architecture. It was funded by Walter P. Chrysler and featured a spire that evokes the rising sun. Its seven arched crowns feature distinctive sunburst patterns, a reference to Chrysler’s famous hood ornament. It was the world’s tallest building for eleven months.
Art Deco’s popularity also spread to Miami, Florida in the 1930s. The Art Deco historic district was established there. Many famous buildings in New York City, such as Rockefeller Center, feature Art Deco architecture.
A notable Art Deco artist was Tamara de Lempicka, who was active in Paris’ bohemian scene in the 1920s. Her works included stylized portraits of celebrities and socialites. Her paintings of rich and stylish people brought her critical praise. She was also known for her portraits of aristocrats and nudes.
The Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et industriels modernes was a popular exhibition in France in 1925, which led to the official name for the movement. It was held to introduce a new form of decorative art to the public. It was a big success, but the movement was also not well-received during the 1940s and 1950s.